Jehoiakim – The Fifth Beast of Seven – Portion of Daniel’s 7:3
Diverse Beast – Conglomeration of Israel’s – 10 horns, 10 crowns & Judah’s – 7 heads. Referenced by John of Patmos in Revelation’s 12 & 13
Jehoiakim (Eliakim) reigned for 11 years.
Jeremiah speaking of Jehoiakim:
1. “They shall not lament for him” – Jer. 22:18
2. “He shall be buried with the burial of an ass … cast forth beyond the gates” 22:19
3. “that thou obeyest not my voice” 22:21
4. “the wind shall eat up all thy pastors” 22:22
5. “woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep” 23:1
6. In the beginning of Jehoiakim’s reign Jeremiah was instructed to “Stand in the court … diminish not a word” 26:2
7. “Jehoiakim … with all his mighty men and all his princes” sought to kill Uriah 26:21
8. “Jehoiakim … sent men to Egypt … to fetch Uriah … and brought him to Jehoiakim … who slew him with the sword, and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people” 26:23
9. The situation was grave and Jeremiah received the word “Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck” 27:3
The message was soon given “hearken not ye to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreamers, nor to your enchanters, nor to your sorcerers” 27:9.
Jehoiakim’s reign was deplorable. Daniel’s later recall of this diverse beast also represented the decline leading to Alexander and the conquering Antiochus Epiphanes.
John of Patmos likewise duplicated the Diverse Beast as the Dragon of Rev. 12. John knew these horrendous times would again recurring before a universal fulfilment. John saw the religious doctrines developing in the seven Asian churches. Such would provide cultural schism between nations for centuries ahead. He knew the constructive scribes’ message would become grossly distorted. It would never be seen by those wanting to historicize the ceremonial ensamples. And artists in the 12th -15th century under commission created their own concocted version of reality, which is superb imagination but false reality.
Jehoiakim was appointed king by Necho II, king of Egypt, in 608 BC, after Necho’s return from the battle in Haran, three months after he had killed King Josiah at Tel Megiddo. “Jehoiakim Slept with his Fathers…” (II Kings 24:6) – Did He? Necho deposed Jehoiakim’s younger brother Jehoahaz of Judah after a reign of only three months and took him to Egypt, where he died. Jehoiakim ruled originally as a vassal of the Egyptians, paying a heavy tribute. To raise the money he “taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.”
However, after the Egyptians were defeated by the Babylonians at the battle of Carchemish in 605 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II besieged Jerusalem, and Jehoiakim changed allegiances to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem. He paid tribute from the treasury in Jerusalem, some temple artefacts, and handed over some of the royal family and nobility as hostages.
Rabbinical literature describes Jehoiakim as a godless tyrant who committed atrocious sins and crimes. He is portrayed as living in incestuous relations with his mother, daughter-in-law, and stepmother, and was in the habit of murdering men, whose wives he then violated and whose property he seized. He also had tattooed his body.
Jeremiah criticised the king’s policies, insisting on repentance and strict adherence to the law. Jeremiah 36:1–32. Another prophet, Uriah ben Shemaiah, proclaimed a similar message and Jehoiakim ordered his execution Jeremiah 26:20–23.
Jehoiakim continued for three years as a vassal to the Babylonians, until the failure of an invasion of Egypt in 601 BC undermined their control of the area. Jehoiakim switched allegiance back to the Egyptians. In late 598 BC, the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II invaded Judah and again laid siege to Jerusalem, which lasted three months.
Jehoiakim died before the siege ended. The Book of Chronicles recorded that “Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon … bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.” Jeremiah prophesied that he died without proper funeral, describing the people of Judah “shall not lament for him, saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’ He shall be buried with the burial of a donkey, dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem” “and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat of the day and the frost of the night” Jeremiah 36:30.