After Joshua (Jesus in NT) died, and that generation, the upcoming generation (seven churches in NT) turned away from God (applied Love) towards idols again. They had not learnt or been impressed by past history. The Canaanites were still in the land … Israel put the “Canaanites to tribute” (i.e. tax). Canaanites were “thorns” and their gods a “snare”.
As the story goes, when Israel forsook God they had no protection and were oppressed by these people around them. When the suppression became extremely severe, they appointed a deliverer called a judge. Over time they had fifteen judges. The judge would deliver them and the land would be free. This freeing and the appointment of judges happened about six times. A judge never ruled over the entirety of Israel as Israel was twelve tribes.
Baal was the supreme male divinity of the Phoenicians and Caananitish nations and Ashtoreth was their supreme female divinity. Both of these names were often used in plural – Baalim and Ashtaroth. Baal means ruler, or master, owner or possessor rather than Lord – and was most prevalently worshipped amongst the Moabites and Midianites and Israel at times worshipped the variation – Baal-peor.
A great change to societal structure came after the period of judges. The book of Ruth (Naomi being embittered asks to be called Mara – Mary) is usually placed right after the book of Judges. Samuel “took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his (Saul’s) head – 1 Sam. 10:1 and so kingship arose as the structure of governance.
This establishment of kings – Saul – lion, David – bear and Solomon – leopard completely changed the community and society. There was great hesitation before Saul’s appointment – in the story. By the time of Daniel these kings would be looked upon as beasts as Israel regressed becoming a virgin (almah – without God) and Jerusalem was to be described as separated or concealed from God – “The virgin, the daughter of Zion” and this descriptive continued all the way to eventual Babylonian captivity – “O virgin daughter of Babylon” – Isa. 47:1 – “The virgin daughter … is broken, with a very grievous blow” – Jer. 14:17.
The Ancient scribes had descriptively set up types from their recall of the time of Moses, drawn out (who saw the “promised” land), Joseph, Mara, Joshua, judges, and then the change to kings and kingdoms.
In coming articles the Ancient scribes’ story of birth, life and death – continual rotation – will be enlarged.