Paul’s book of Hebrews, perhaps the most pivotal of all books, is entirely composed in midrashic terminology. One has to consider why this book was written in this manner just twenty or so years after the great upheaval, persecution and crucifixion of the Jewish populace. Let’s look at more examples from chapter 1 onwards:
1. “who at sundry times and in divers manner spake in time past” – Heb 1:1. Midrash is always in divers manner.
2. There was a Father before the Son – “appointed heir of all things” – “all things” is an encompassing midrashic term.
3. “upholding all things by the word of his power” – “the word” enabled midrash. The Ancient scribes wrote layer upon layer.
4. “by inheritance obtained a more excellent name” – only by inclusion, of all could the ascent, accomplish renown. Without inheritance was the Greek thing, the perfect idea, gods of all types. This is completely antithetical to the Hebrew remembrance of a free conscious enablement.
5. “And again, when he bringeth the first begotten into the world” – the first begotten symbolises the power on ongoing ascent towards heavenly things. Ascent is always the first begotten.
6. “Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity” – the writers recorded from the beginning all the episodes of the struggle against inequality. This had been recorded by the scribes time and time over. Other looked for a sign or wisdom but Paul taught, he taught inclusive midrash.
7. “therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” We, each, according to each individual’s God, has been anointed with gladness above thy fellows. We all take individual responsibility for running our race. And “thy God” is personally within each, individually.
8. “In the beginning hast laid the foundations of the earth” – timelessness, movement, a priest forever, was the essence of midrashic roots.
9. “The garment shall wax old” – midrashic recordings will persist forever.
10. “Sit on my right hand until I make thy enemies thy footstool” – the word “sit”. Like many other words e.g. “stand” is not a literal sitting, not a literal standing. A literal sitting or standing is our interpretation from our theological fathers who followed Grecian influence and not the original Hebrew inference. It is a sitting of endurance against “thy literalist fellows.” A stand we must take.
11. Midrashic spirit enables “them who shall be heirs of salvation.” What is salvation Paul was asking.