Christological Erring

Here is the view expressed in Wikipedia of the interpretation of Daniel 9:24-27. Christianity is ego centric and never has it realised that the prophecy of this period was derived from the reign of kings recorded in Kings and Chronicles. SHAME.

Christological readings

Francesco Albani’s 17th century Baptism of Christ is a typical depiction with the sky opening and the Holy Spirit descending as a dove.[87]

The seventy weeks prophecy has frequently not been read as an ex eventu prophecy whose Sitz im Leben is the Antiochene crisis in the second century BCE, but as a messianic prophecy concerning the future arrival of a certain individual who would be anointed by God to bring salvation for his people that was revealed to Daniel by the angel Gabriel in the sixth century BCE.[88] Accordingly, those who read the prophecy this way seldom follow historical-critical scholars in seeing the Book of Daniel as a combination of legendary folktales and other visionary episodes that belong to the literary genre of Jewish pseudepigrapha, but as a series of historical events that actually took place in the sixth century BCE and are faithfully recorded as such in the biblical text.[89][90] On this understanding, the prophecy has more in common with the genre of Old Testament prophecy in developing the ancient Jewish/Christian eschatological hope of a future messianic age in which the promised Davidic king will preside over an era of worldwide peace, prosperity, and enduring righteousness. This way of reading the prophecy has given rise to a rich tradition of Christian theological speculation beginning with the early church fathers in which the prophecy is understood to be a prediction involving the coming of Christ in Jesus of Nazareth.[91][92]
Crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth, 12th century medieval illustration from the Hortus deliciarum of Herrad of Landsberg.

Generally speaking, the various christological readings that have been proposed share a number of features in common. Either the “anointed prince” in verse 25a or the “anointed one” in verse 26a (or both) are understood to be references to Christ, who is also sometimes thought to be the “most holy” thing that is anointed in verse 24 (so the Peshitta and the Vulgate).[46][93] Some of the early church fathers also saw another reference to Christ in the “prince who is to come” (verse 26b), but this figure is more often identified with either the Antichrist or one of the Roman officials that oversaw the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE (e.g. Titus or Vespasian).[73] The seven and sixty-two week periods are most frequently understood as consecutive, non-overlapping chronological periods that are more or less exact in terminating with the time at which Christ is anointed with the Holy Spirit at his baptism,[91][94] with the terminus ad quo of this 483-year period being the time associated with the decree given to Ezra by Artaxerxes I in 458/7 BCE.[95][91] The reference to an anointed one being “cut off” in verse 26a is identified with the death of Christ and has traditionally been thought to mark the midpoint of the seventieth week,[91] which is also when Jeremiah’s new “covenant” is “confirmed” (verse 27a) and atonement for “iniquity” (verse 24) is made. The “abomination that desolates” is typically read in the context of the New Testament references made to this difficult expression in the Olivet Discourse and understood as belonging to a complex eschatological tableaux described therein, which may or may not remain to be fulfilled.

Dispensationalist christological readings are notable in deviating from this general pattern in a number of ways that are worth mentioning. These readings have the warrant given to Nehemiah in 445/4 BCE as the terminus ad quo,[96] but since 483 years from 445/4 BCE would extend somewhat beyond the lifetime of Christ to 39/40 CE these years are reduced to 476 years by viewing them as 360-day “prophetic” years, which are so-called on the basis that various biblical passages—such as Revelation 12:6, 14 (cf. Dan 7:25; 12:7)—suggest that there was a convention for reckoning time in this way within certain prophetic contexts.[97] Consequently, the sixty-nine weeks of “prophetic” years terminate with the death of Christ in 32/3 CE.[98][99] The seventieth week is then separated from the sixty-ninth week by a long period of time known as the church age;[98][96] hence, the seventieth week does not begin until the end of the church age, at which point the church will be removed from the earth in an event called the rapture. Finally, the future Antichrist is expected to oppress the Jewish people and bring upon the world a period of tribulation lasting three and a half years, constituting the second half of the delayed seventieth week. These readings were first popularized through the expository notes written by C. I. Scofield in his Scofield Reference Bible and continue to enjoy widespread support among American evangelicals.[100]

The Beastly Kings and Kingdoms – The Godly Theological Perception


The Lion Symbol — King Saul

Saul was described by Daniel as a lion beast.  Daniel 7:4 says, “The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man’s heart was given it.”

Saul was a king who had riches.  Saul was polished.  Saul was lifted up, very tall and Saul was given a new heart.  Saul is confirmed as the lion.

 The Bear Symbol — King David

David was described as the bear beast.  Daniel 7:5 says, “And behold another beast, a second, like a bear, and it raised up itself on one side (or “raised up one dominion” — see margin notes in KJV), and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it; and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh” (Dan. 7:5).

David was the king who had raised up a dominion, and David held three ribs in his mouth (Moabites, Syrians, Edomites).  David devoured much flesh.  These three witnesses confirm David as the bear.

The Leopard King Symbol — King Solomon

Solomon was described as the leopard beast.  Dan. 7:6 says, the third beast was “like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl”.  Wings, as already stated, indicate wealth. “The beast had also “four heads,” illustrating much wisdom, as, “the wise man’s eyes are in his head” – Eccles. 2:14.

Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and wisdom – “Solomon exceeded…for riches and for wisdom” – 1 Kings 10:23.

The Diverse Beast Symbol — Israel (Ten Tribes) and Judah (Last Seven Kings before Babylonian Captivity)

The Ten Horn Symbol: Tribes of Israel:

– Reuben, Simeon, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebuluon,  Ephraim,  Manasseh — Note: Asher, Zubuluon and Manasseh were plucked – moved permanently to Jerusalem

The Seven Heads Symbol: The Little Horn — Judah Kings after Hezekiah (Immanuel) up to Babylonian Captivity:

– Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehioachin, Zedekiah.


Written after the book of Revelation the Synoptic details the oppressive reign of the Pharisees and Sadducees.  The synoptics highlight over and over their administrative errors.  The Pharisees and Sadducees are like the two horned beast of Rev. 13:11, in the apocalyptic era, where all deception ends:

For example, the main emphasis is in the words of Mark are there for us to see:

  • “And they (P & S) were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes” – Mark 1:22
  • “What thing is this? what new doctrine is this?” – Mark 1:27
  • “And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the Sabbath day that which is not lawful? … The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath” – Mark 2:24–27
  • “And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him” – Mark 3:6
  • “That seeing they may see, and not perceive” – Mark 4:12
  • “For Herod feared John, knowing he was a just man” – Mark 6:20
  • “Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands?” – Mark 7:5
  • “Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod” – Mark 8:15
  • “And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him” – Mark 10:2
  • “and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they condemn him to death, and shall deliverer him to the Gentiles” – Mark 10:33
  • “have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner” – Mark 12:10
  • “And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians” – Mark 12:13
  • “Then come unto him the Sadducees … If a man’s brother dies …” – Mark 12:18–19
  • “And they lead Jesus away to the high priest” – Mark 14:53
  • “Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done?” – Mark 15:14


The archetype occurs in the apocalyptic age.  The two beasts – the ten horned and seven headed monster is highlighted in Rev. 13:1 and the two horned beast in Rev. 13:11.  John of Patmos surmised that the beasts of modernity would be patterned on the beasts of the past although with different characteristics.  In this era the woman sits on the beast proudly, for the past two thousand years, and without a care so cocky that her doctrines and truths are correct and true.  But the cock must crow.

But the ten horns turn on the woman and make her “desolate and naked, and burn her with fire.”   The merchants of the earth “weep and mourn after her”.  And in, “one hour so great riches is come to nought”.

John of Patmos’ remarkable vision awaits fulfilment for the “true marriage of the Lamb is come”.  Restoration, after two thousand years of pitched darkness.

Finally Jubilee when Daniel’s Highly Sophisticated Godly Vision is Apprehended –

Type Accumulation to match 490 years (70 weeks Dan: 9:24)

 Jubilee is celebrated after 49 years (7 * 7) as all is fully complete.

This Ancient model shows that also after 7 * 70 or after 490 years all was complete in symbolic terminology.  There was two witnesses, one Pre-exilic and one Post-exilic.  Judas Maccabees great victory allowed old men to sit in the street and sing again a new song.

  1. 483 Years Pre-exilic

The record of the years of reigns in the texts of King and Chronicles ads up to 483 years out of 490 years.  This is Daniel’s most intricate advance of the Ancestor’s tale and shows a pilgrimage to a higher level of DNA and genes.

Let’s count the years of kings recorded from David’s decree to construct the Temple: 49 ( -5) + 17 + 3 + 41 + 25 + 8 + 1 + 6 + 40 + 29 +52 + 16 + 16 + 29 + 55 + 2 + 31 +1/4 + 11 +1/4 + 11 years + 50 years of captivity = 483

Year BC Kingly Reign Referenced from Books of Kings and Chronicles
1021 David David’s command to restore and build Jerusalem 49 years (D/Y principle) 7 weeks = 49 days 1021 BC to 972 BC according to Daniel 9:24.  David was said to have reigned 40 years.
976 Rehoboam – 17 years 1 Kings 14:21 Rehoboam “reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem”
972 Rehoboam Shishak, King of Egypt, against Jeroboam of Israel in 972, in fifth year of Rehoboam – reason for -5 above) –Shishak pillages Temple was a key event as it represents disruption.
959 Abijah – 3 years 2 Chron. 13:2 Abijah “reigned three years in Jerusalem”
956 Asa – 41 years 2 Chron. 16:13 Asa “died in the one and fortieth year of his reign”
915 Jehoshaphat – 25 years 2 Chron. 20:31 Jehoshaphat “reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem”
889 Jehoram – 8 years 2 Chron. 21:5 Jehoram “reigned eight years in Jerusalem”
885 Ahaziah – 1 year 2 Chron. 22:2 Ahaziah “reigned one year in Jerusalem”
883 Athaliah – 6 years 2 Kings 11:3, 21 Athaliah reigned for six years in Jerusalem
877 Johoash – 40 years 2 Kings 12:1 Joash “forty years reigned he in Jerusalem”
838 Amaziah – 29 years 2 Kings 14:2 Amaziah “reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem”
808 Uzziah – 52 years 2 Chron. 26.3 Uzziah “reigned fifty and two years in Jerusalem”
756 Jotham – 16 years 2 Chron. 27:8 Ahaz “reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem”
742 Ahaz – 16 years 2 Chron. 27:8 Ahaz “reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem”
726 Hezekiah – 29 years 2 Chron. 29:1 Hezekiah “he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem”
697 Manasseh – 55 years 2 Chron. 33:1 Manasseh “reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem”
642 Amon – 2 years 2 Chron. 33:21 Amon “reigned two years in Jerusalem”
640 Josiah – 31 years 2 Chron. 34:1 Josiah “reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years
Josiah’s good reforms, 625 B
609 Jehoahaz – ¼ year 2 Chron. 36:2 Jehoahaz “he reigned three months in Jerusalem”
609 Jehoiakim – 11 years 2 Chron. 36:5 Jehoiakim “he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem”
606 Captivity 70
606 Captivity 70 years Captivity
599 Jehoiachin – ¼ year 2 Chron. 36:9 Jehoiakim “reigned three months and ten days”
599 Zedekiah – 11 years 2 Chron. 36:11 Zedekiah “and he reigned 11 years in Jerusalem”
588 Partial captivity
585 Captivity, completed by 585 BC Starting point to work backward with dating of kings’ reigns
538 Jews commence return under Zerubbabel 434 (62 X 7) years – 62 weeks = 434 days, 972 BC to 538 BC
538 Darius took the kingdom (Dan. 5:31) Total 483 Ceremonial Years according to Bible 483 (69 X 7) years – 69 weeks = 483 days (D/Y principle) 1021 BC – 538 BC
535–536 Cyrus’s (the anointed) decree (Ezra 1:1)

This theology was understood by Daniel – Dan. 9:22, thanks to Gabriel.  Daniel portrayed the transposition of natural evolvement from local, to national, but he had to complete a 1 week 7 days = 7 years according to day-for-a-year principle = 7 X 360 = 2520 days – to total 490 years.  Daniel knew that the world was round and that the original Ancient philosophy was based on 30 days a month or 360 days a year.  Daniel understood the intercalary adjustment necessary to fully synchronize with the cosmology.  5 months of Gen. 8 had 150 days and twelve represented the diversity of life and the cosmos.  Dividing the year into two equal proportions of 1260 days was stating the civil had to be synchronized with the cosmological.  The divine sacred that was beyond comprehension, and unnameable but civil governance was very real and their protective force.

  1. 7 Years Post-exilic – completion of the 490 years model

 Daniel had compiled an amazing colourful histogram in numerical form and entwined it to complete his 70 weeks (490 years) symbol of Dan. 9:24:

1. 2,300 days — “in the midst of the week” — plunder (Dan. 8:14, 9:27)
2. 10 days       — of intense persecution — mourning (1 Macc. 1:54–64)
3. 210 days    — of burying dead — reconstitution (Ezek. 39:12)
Total 2,520 days (2,300 + 10 +210)

The words “midst” at Dan. 8:14 need to be understood from the numerous types already set up. The word “midst” is traced to mean “about”, “among”, and “within”, “part” or “therein”:

  • “in the midst of the Red sea” – Exd. 14:29 – this never meant right in the middle.
  • “in the midst of the seventh day” – Exd. 33:3 – this never meant right in the middle
  • “in the midst of Egypt” – Exd. 24:16-18 – this was a generalized descriptive
  • “midst of the land”- Deut. 19:2 – genalized descriptive
  • “in the midst of Jordan” – Josh. 4:3 – another generalized descriptive

This is a little background for new readers.