Western ideology has never properly comprehended the books of Kings and Chronicles never finding, never understanding the ceremonial reign years of the Kings of Judah.
According to Wikipedia the following is true:
Quote “The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah. According to the biblical account, this kingdom was founded after the death of Saul, when the Tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it. After seven years, David became king of a reunited Kingdom of Israel. However, in about 930 BC the united kingdom split, with ten of the twelve Tribes of Israel rejecting Solomon’s son Rehoboam as their king. The Tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained loyal to Rehoboam, and reformed the Kingdom of Judah, while the other entity continuing to be called the Kingdom of Israel, or just Israel.
The capital of the Kingdom of Judah was Jerusalem. All of the kings of Judah lived and died in Judah except for Ahaziah (who died at Megiddo in Israel), Jehoahaz (who died a prisoner in Egypt) and Jeconiah and Zedekiah who were deported as part of the Babylonian captivity.
Judah existed until 587 or 586 BC, when it was conquered by the Babylonian Empire under Nebuzaradan, captain of Nebuchadnezzar‘s body-guard. With the deportation of the elite and the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple, the demise of the Kingdom of Judah was complete.
The Davidic dynasty began when the tribe of Judah made David its king, following the death of Saul. The Davidic line continued when David became king of the reunited Kingdom of Israel. When the united kingdom split, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin continued to be loyal to the Davidic line, which ruled it until the kingdom was destroyed in 587/586 BC. However, the Davidic line continued to be respected by the exiles in Babylon, who regarded the exilarchs as kings-in-exile.
Most modern historians follow either the older chronologies established by William F. Albright or Edwin R. Thiele, or the newer chronologies of Gershon Galil and Kenneth Kitchen, all of which are shown below. All dates are BC.
Correcting the Years and Explaining Daniel’s Vision
Albright, Thiele, Galil and Kitchen established chronologies not based on the “years” recorded in the books of Kings and Chronicles. It is a very simple procedure to go through these books and identify the years of reigns of these kings down to the year of Babylonian captivity, which I do below. All references come from Testament texts. I will then show how Daniel’s 9:24-27 vision matches the key highlights and hold open the book of Daniel. Unlike western philosophy that maintains the time periods of Daniel point forward to Christ and beyond I will show that Daniel was shown by Gabriel that the 70 weeks (7 weeks, 62 weeks and 1 week) were recalling persecution, burial and resurrection in the two pre-exilic and post exilic Temple eras. Daniel’s vision looked backward understanding the texts as written in the books of Kings, Chronicles, Ezekiel, Isaiah and Maccabees.
Prior to chronological time (pre-Babylonian captivity) all time was Ceremonial Time and should never be confused with chronological time as the above experts do. Wikipedia follows their misconception. The Western world always wants facts but the Ancients were graphically constructing the period prior to historical recordings. Ceremonial times were when theological thoughts were being formed, when the Ancients were endeavouring to comprehend the linkage with the cosmological. There was a great longing for their governance to be synchronised where the civil 180 days a year (1260 over 7 years) would match the sacred 180 days a year (1260 over 7 years). The total being 2520 days over 7 years completion. If the terrestrial could harmonise with the celestial the Jewish governance would ascend and the Jewish nation would not be under threat from the all-conquering belligerent nations that plunder for endless possessions. The Ancient writers using Ceremonial Years inaugurated a philosophical ideology based on ideals of perfection weaving their orally recorded history into a golden threaded vision. It was the first time I believe that a personification of history created a philosophical theology where there was to be no conflict between the heavens (heaved up things) and the earthly (governance). It was way in advance of all other nations’ gods as it bonded man to his environment, freeing man’s consciousness from these yokes of intellectual and physical captivation (Egyptian, Assyria, Babylonian).
When Daniel, thanks to Gabriel, was shown the magnificent Scribes recording he quickly came to an understanding that the books of Kings and Chronicles as Ceremonial Times provided a metaphor, an ensample for admonition. Ceremonial times are a allegory of the spirituality of mankind. Daniel’s 9:24-27 70 weeks (490 years) is a parody of our lifespan – threescore and ten – when we all have our chance of ascending from low (naked) to high (white linen). Daniel’s period is divided into three time period – 7 weeks, 62 weeks and 1 week. The 69 weeks split can be shown from the books of Kings and Chronicles to be split into an initial period of 7 weeks and a period of 62 weeks, both pre-exilic, ending in Babylonian captivity. The final week is located in post-exilic portrayal. All the periods are based on a persecution, burial and restoration theme.
The question why can’t the likes of Albright, Thiele, Galil and Kitchen accept the writing in the Old Testament books? It is there for all to see, without assistance.
So in contrast to the above, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kings_of_Judah, let’s document that recording in Kings and Chronicles, and move on:
|Ceremonial Years and Dates of Kings of Judah from KJV|
|Pre–exilic: First Testament of Old Testament
69 Weeks = 483 years (Day/Year Principle)
|Correct Back – dating Year||Kings of Judah||Ceremonial Years||KJV Reference||Key KJV Event|
|1021||David’s command to restore and build Jerusalem||49 years (D/Y principle) 7 years = 49 days 1021 BC to 972 BC. David’s command to build temple|
|Rehoboam (Shishak, King of Egypt, against Jeroboam of Israel in 972, in fifth year of Rehoboam)||17||1 Kings 14:21,
1 Kings 14:25
Shishak pillages Temple
|959||Abijah||3||2 Chron. 13:2||War with Jeroboam|
|956||Asa||41||2 Chron. 16:13||Reproved, diseased|
|915||Jehoshaphat||25||2 Chron. 20:31||Good|
|889||Jehoram||8||2 Chron. 21:5||Evil|
|885||Ahaziah||1||2 Chron. 22:2||Wicked|
|883||Athaliah||6||2 Kings 11:3||Slain|
|877||Joash||40||2 Kings 12:1||Punished — idolatry|
|838||Amaziah||29||2 Kings 14:2||Good beginning|
|808||Uzziah||52||2 Kings 15:33||Leprosy|
|756||Jotham||16||2 Kings 15:33||Good|
|742||Ahaz||16||2 Chron. 27:8||Wicked|
|726||Hezekiah||29||2 Chron. 29:1||Did right|
|697||Manasseh||55||2 Chron. 33:1||Wicked — to Babylon|
|642||Amon||2||2 Chron. 33:21||Evil|
|640||Josiah||31||2 Chron. 34:1||Josiah’s good reforms, 625 BC|
|609||Jehoahaz||1/4||2 Chron. 36:2||To Egypt|
|609||Jehoiakim||11||2 Chron. 36:5||Evil|
|599||Jehoiachin||1/4||2 Chron. 36:9||Evil|
|599||Zedekiah||11||2 Chron. 36:11||Blinded|
|588||Captivity, completed by 585 BC||Starting point to work backward with dating of kings’ reigns|
|538||Jews commence return under Zerubbabel||434 (62 X 7) years – 62 weeks = 434 days, 972 BC to 538 BC|
|538||Darius took the kingdom (Dan. 5:31)||483 (69 X 7) years – 69 weeks = 483 days (D/Y principle) 1021 BC – 538 BC|
|Cyrus’s (the anointed) decree (Ezra 1:1)|
The reason why the sixty nine weeks ( 69 *7 = 483 years of the pre-exilic era is broken into 49 years and 434 years is due to the recording of the invasion of Shishak of Egypt in the Ceremonial Year of 972 BC.
So who was Shishak? What does Wikipedia record?
Quote “Shishak is best known for a campaign against the Kingdom of Judah, recorded in the Hebrew Bible (1 Kings 14:25, 2 Chronicles 12:1-12) and his supposed sacking of Jerusalem … All Egyptologists identified Shishak with Pharoah Shoshenq I … In the fifth year of Rehoboam‘s reign (commonly dated ca. 926 BC), Shishak swept through the kingdom of Judah with a powerful army of 60,000 horsemen and 1,200 chariots, in support of his ally. According to 2 Chronicles 12:3”. Unquote.
But according to the Ceremonial Year dating this event of Shishak’ pillage is 972 BC – as documented from the books of Kings and Chronicles using the source text of each king’s reign recorded.
So Wikipedia cannot interpret Daniel’s vision as it uses a Chronological imposition over the Ceremonial superimposition that Gabriel taught Daniel. Wikipedia uses such terms as “commonly dated ca. 926 BC” above.
According to scriptural texts of the Books it is the pillaging of the Temple by Shishak 49 years after the decree by David (Bear – beast) to Solomon (Leopard – beast – 666) that was the first point of significance. From 972 BC for 434 years, until 538 BC is the critical image Gabriel enabled Daniel to see. But our media, thanks to the fathers of theology, are unable to grasp Daniel’s vision of the previous persecution, burial and resurrection in the two Temple eras. After Shishak it was not until Hezekiah appeared that the kingdom of Judah provided a savior – Wonderful, Counsellor, called equivalent to God – The Almighty God, Immanuel as the vigin (almah – without God) gave birth to a virgin society (bethulah – with God) as the Temple was restored by Hezekiah – that is the inner community temple. It was restored again after captivity engulfed the Jewish race in Babylonian. Cyrus (the anointed – the Christ) freed the Jews, but not for himself. Narcissist was not on his agenda but benevolence. Later Gabriel’s philanthropy enabled Daniel to understand and later in the third Temple era Paul and John of Patmos had a similar revelation of the Ancients’ compilation of there being nothing new under the sun. Modernity in vanity miss this eloquence.
For details of the final week of the seventy – see the post-exilic era recorded in my previous article.
It is certainly a long road to travel as we unravel the institutional errors that have proliferated time and time again right down to “Today”.