In the OT there is a great battle going on between the Priestly mystery chronicles and that written by the scribes and seers being introvert, explicit philosophy. Society had developed from individuals to community, Patriarchs, to judges, to Kings, to Kingdoms, to nations. Now was the chance to write their wisdom of experience something the priest could not do. The scribes knew there was always a firmament, a division, a yin and yang, Night and Day, a possessiveness and beneficence amongst mankind (male and female). And only by utilizing their objective reality of the day could they portray an abstractive goal for the ascent of subjectivity. These two contrary strains, of the priests and scribes, were always to be intermixed in all early portrayals. Care is indeed needed to separate the holy from unholy, almah (without God) from bethulah (with God) – the nameless entity of creation which we all admire.
This juxtaposition is best recognized in a review of the days of the year. Let’s give it a go.
Priestly Mystery Chronicle (Outside the Testaments)
In ancient priestly chronology one reckoned with 354 lunar days and 365 solar days. The priests of the ancient Mysteries paid minuet attention to variations where this priestly lunar chronology did not match the actual cosmic revolutions.
Leap days and leap weeks were inserted into these chronologies to compensate for any variation from cosmic reality. There were always discrepancies – and the priestly class knew evolution had consecrated, a hallowing ascent, which supposedly justified their elite status. They glorified mankind but could not grasp their errors in calculation. Man was out of synch with their gods or God.
After the division of the year into months and weeks restrictive rituals were implemented for celebration of the holy periods – leading to sacred-civil governance by principalities to protect all the ignorant illiterate populace. The priests in their knowledge laid down certain periods when this non-conformity was conspicuous. After several lunar months there were always a few days gap before the new year began. The priests regarded these as holy weeks. Those holy weeks were designed to lead human beings to their gods in the eyes of the priesthood.
So arose the Hebrew calendar, a lunar-solar calendar, with months based on lunar months, but years based on solar years. The calendar year features twelve lunar months of twenty-nine or thirty days, with an intercalary lunar month added periodically to synchronize the twelve lunar cycles with the longer solar year. The beginning of each Jewish lunar month was based on the appearance of the new moon.
Accordingly, the basic Hebrew calendar year is one of twelve lunar months alternating between 29 and 30 days follows:
No. Hebrew months Length
1 Nisan 30
2 Iyar 29
3 Sivan 30
4 Tammuz 29
5 Av 30
6 Elul 29
7 Tishrei 30
(or Cheshvan) 29/30
9 Kislev 30/29
10 Tevet 29
11 Shevat 30
12 Adar 29
Total 353, 354 or 355
With the solar year exceeding the lunar year by approximately 11 days the excess accumulates to about 30 days, a little more or less. One month is added and the particular year is made to consist of 13 months called the intercalary year. The priestly class stated that the year could not consist of twelve months plus so-and-so many days, since it is said “every month throughout the months of the year” – Num. 28:14, implying that the year is counted by cosmological months and not days.
It summary the days allocated to lunar and solar years are not dates documented by the scribes writing the Testaments. Although we accept the lunar and solar days they are mysteries when we read the Testament. A different philosophy of wisdom was inaugurated by the scribes and seers.
Scribes and Seers Explicit Wisdom Chronicle (Genesis to Revelation)
It is important to realize that the priestly class promoted, in some ways by default, a mysterious lunar-solar configuration but the scribes never did. The numbers and the philosophy of the scribes are straightforward in comparison. Today’s priestly and ministerial classes are responsible for still confounding and espousing such nonsense even after a supposed Reformation and having the Testaments in front of them. They have had adequate of time to study to show themselves approved.
The scribes and seers perceived an alternative philosophy from that of the renowned priestly cast. They incorporated, indeed by necessity and for acceptance, the two competing philosophies into the Testaments. But there is no mention of 354 lunar days or 365 solar days as such anywhere. And this gives the whole charade away.
The scribes also likewise believed that the governance was out of synch with the cosmological. Security was their number one concern. Governance of Israel constantly regressed as society advanced. The scribes believed the unnamable was at Rest following the evolutionary creation of consciousness. They took up the cudgel of responsibility. It was up to concept to conquer the deleterious pronouncements. The baton had been relinquished. But it had not been grasped properly by the priestly class. The scribes wanted equanimity to maximize security and innate human potential to bloom. They truly revered each and everyone of their number wanting to see the end of illiteracy and all other plights. They wanted freedom from dogmatic dark incomprehensible talk.
To the scribes this required the civil to also equal the cosmologic – in practicality and in numbers – not dissimilar from the priestly class. Civil governance must align to the sacred, the terrestrial to the cosmological, 1260 sacred days to 1260 civil days over a seven year completing period – each month having averaged 30 days – i.e. 30 *12 * 7 = 2,520 days. 360 degrees and days were divisible by 30. Make no mistake this was deliberately antithetical to the priestly teaching. They wanted the logos to match their mythos. They covertly devised their ideas and spread it throughout the Testaments.
The period of 1,260 days is also mentioned as 3.5 years and 42 months (i.e. each month having 30 days) substantiating the new philosophy, in differing non-priestly ways.
So the lesson is that the seers wanted simplicity of philosophy to counteract the endless mysteries promulgated by confusion of the upper ruling elite – 30 days a month enabled simplicity in philosophizing allowing an extension and ever completing cycle over each seven years.
So it is important to appreciate how the craftiness of the scribes and seers was incorporated alongside the orally recalled priestly rulership and their accompanied numerous Levitical laws. The differences become immediately obvious as you proceed through the texts:
Firstly the seers wanted each month to have 30 days. This is implied in the following quotes:
Gen. 8:3-4 – “after the end of one hundred and fifty days the waters were abated” (i.e. 5 consecutive months of 30 days each – after Noah had symbolically landed on Mount Ararat (creation, holy land) meaning the new beginning for mankind). Also note in Gen. 7 – 40 days becomes a great symbol and this is not consistent with the lunar-solar terminology. This was after the 7 days of creation, a prime non-divisible number. All the numerous days mentioned, right from Genesis had no inclination of the lunar-solar divide – days aren’t divisible into 353, 354, 355, 354.5, 365, 365.5 etc.
There is also an indication that there were twelve months in the annual cycle:
1 Kings 4:7 – “Solomon had twelve officers … each man his month in a year” and 1 Chron. 27:1–15 – speaks of 12 captains – one for each month. And in Exod. 13 mention is made of 430 years they dwelt in Egypt.
Daniel brought this all together when the book was opened by Gabriel. Daniel’s 70 weeks was 490 years each day represented a year. The earth was round having 360 degrees, and 360 days to the year and 30 days per month for 12 months. Over 7 years this became – 30*12*7 = 2520 with equality of sacred 1260 = civil 1260 as the ensample prototype. Even the final week of the 70 weeks was made to be 2520 and split 2300 + 210 + 10. All symbols are based on 30 even though they knew that approximately 365 days a year was the norm. They want to philosophize tying the mythos to the logos.
In Revelation the same message of the scribes comes through – “shall treat under foot forty and two months” – Rev. 11:2, “a thousand two hundred and three score days” – Rev. 11:3, “three and a half days” – Rev. 11.9, “a thousand two hundred and threescore days” – Rev. 12:6.
The scribes were overemphasizing an alternative to the mystery of the lunar-solar priestly confusion and it carried right through the Testaments, alpha to omega.
The scribe writers of Revelation (written by 70 AD) saw the pending downfall of their nation, led by the Pharisees and Sadducees, on the horizon. Their nation had once again turned back to idolatry from on high. Their populace had been persecuted from at least the time of Herod the Great and society had imploded resulted from the demise of leadership. The upright had crossed the horizontal.
One can sense in both Testaments this great battle between ignorance and wisdom at its birth.