Metaphor Interpretation

Cartoon from the English satirical magazine Punch, or The London Charivari. With the Russian Bear sitting on the tail of the Persian cat while the British Lion looks on, it represents a phase of The Great Game. The caption reads: “AS BETWEEN FRIENDS. British Lion (to Russian Bear). ‘IF WE HADN’T SUCH A THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING I MIGHT ALMOST BE TEMPTED TO ASK WHAT YOU’RE DOING THERE WITH OUR LITTLE PLAYFELLOW.'”

The Lion (Saul), Bear (David) and Leopard (Solomon) are today used as types usually in many different ways. Many say USA is one, some say Germany of yesteryear is one. Did Daniel have such a massive vision? When it came to the Diverse beast many devolving Christians made this image Rome with the three animals Africa, Media-Persian, Greece (forgetting the Egyptian intervention) as just one of the many attempts to justify their Rock (which was and is to the Jewish nation Judas Maccabees – maybe Aussies would say converting to Rome is harassment). That’s the problem with metaphors – art of all types – take it as you please. Was it the leopard tank that indicated it must be Germany? Folly.


The Naked Man


Witness 1- The Linen Cloth

There is a story of Jesus coming to the Gadarenes. Immediately after leaving the ship he met a man out of the tombs (place of the dead). This man was overwhelmed by an unclean spirit. He was so wild that no man could bind him not even with chains. Being bound in fetters and chains was a symbol of subservience. But this man being so outrageous could not be bound even though possessed with such an unclean spirit. Now the chains of this man out of the tombs had been plucked asunder by him, by himself. Day and night he was in the mountains, and with the dead, crying and cutting himself with stones – deliriously out of his mind would be the consensus.

Then this wild-man with an unclean spirit saw Jesus afar off. He ran and worshipped him, saying, “What have I to do with thee Jesus, thou son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not.” Jesus said unto the unclean spirit, “Come out of him.” Then Jesus asked the man, “What is your name?” He answered, “My name is Legion for we are many” – Mark 5:1-9. Legion represented diversity. Legion represented the embittered, illiterate, those living among the dead tombs, so many. Legion personified all of those with an unclean spirit. Jesus also personified one Spirit – the Spirit of the God of love. So here we have two spirits meeting face to face. So what happens when opposites meet?

Now the story goes on with a challenge “There was a great herd of swine feeding nearby. All the devils or unclean spirits besought Jesus saying, Send us unto the swine, that we may enter into them … And the unclean spirit went out and entered into the swine.” But suddenly “the swine then ran violently down a steep place into the sea and were chocked” – Mark 5:10-13. The swine’s deception failed.

When people came to Jesus to see what was done, and the “one” possessed with the devil, “They saw Legion sitting clothed in his right mind” – Matt. 5:15. Now Legion (being many) prayed that he might be with Jesus. We likewise experience how everyone wants to be with Jesus. Jesus said go home and tell your friends. So “Legion departed and published in Decapolis” of the great things “Jesus had done for him: and all men did marvel.” Legion had been converted, covered in linen, and sat by Jesus – see Mark 5: 14-20 – maybe on his right hand side.

Witness 2 – The Linen Cloth

Consider now the scene of Christ’s betrayal and arrest. Jesus said, “I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not … and all forsook him and fled.” The Pharisees and Sadducees influence was overwhelming and they at first could not see Jesus for what Jesus was. “And there followed him a certain young man, (certain from tis representing divers or different kinds of men/women) having a linen cloth cast about his naked body. We could say “clothed in his right mind?” “Young men laid hold of him: and he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked” – Mark 14: 51, 52. This certain young man having a linen cloth cast about him has great significance.

Linen in Greek is from sidon or byssos and from Hebrew buwts meaning to bleach, be white, fine white linen. Linen is made from flax and produces much oil – and clothe represented the anointing or epiphany of awareness of the ascent of the resurrected being from the catacombs.

At Christ’s burial Joseph of Arimathaea wrapped Jesus body in a linen cloth (cloth same word as above). Those who came to see Jesus’ body saw a young man sitting on the right side of the sepulcher, clothed in a long white garment” – see Mark 16:5. White from leukos or luke means light. So one when wrapped could say “I am the light of the world.” This man had presence being on the spot, “I am”. The word garment from stole was a long fitting gown, a mark of dignity, respect for the ongoing ascent from death to life, the willingness to run the race of life.

Witness 3 – Revealing the Linen Cloth

Just as Legion, was clothed in his right mind when wearing linen cloth, likewise all who experienced and witness resurrection (conversion) wear white linen. They have redeemed, freed liberty (concept) with dignity. But conversion means conversion. You cannot stand still as the unclean spirits will still want to infiltrate. The great apocalyptic book Revelation, sees “seven angels coming out of the temple … clothed in pure and white linen”. And for our resurrection we will need to understand those seven angels just as Jericho had to be circulated seven times before the walls tumble down. These angels have work to do during the harvest. Linen in this text comes from the Greek word linon meaning flax-linen, as linen is a product of flax – fine white linen. And note at the marriage supper of the “Lamb” and his bride, the holy city, is a “new Jerusalem” not two thousand years old one. “To her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of the saints” – Rev. 19:8, 21:2.

You see, Legion, when converted and in his right mind, wanted to be with “Jesus” – Mark 5:18. Legion saw “Jesus” taken by the Pharisees and Sadducees literalized and silenced, denying any hope of resurrection. Legion, the many, still wanted to be with him and followed him – Mark 14:51. Now Legion had a linen cloth cast about him, a symbol of steadfastness, as one but many, parts of the body. When the young men laid hold of him Legion he left the linen cloth and fled from them (cohorts of Pharisees and Sadducees). He left them the linen cloth a symbol of the ascending from the tomb. He left them all he had like the camel renouncing the possessive, the word “my”. It was a complete sacrifice, a burnt offering. Certainly a lot better than gifting fetters and chains.

Now the book of Revelation has been left to us. Unlike the synoptic, it traverses Jewish history from alpha to omega, providing types for antitypical and archetype application. It is the white line cloth set down to reveal a truer Jesus Christ, called the inkhorn, “The Written Word”. It is never ending, ever completing just as is the struggle to be unencumbered and not part of any chain gain. But righteousness follows persecution.

There are hundreds of types to be revealed in the book of Revelation just as Legion and the camel are types. Paul cast off his chains when he realized the great writing of the scribes and seers. He could not see their craft as the Pharisees never wrote. The book of Revelation had a long period of gestation and Paul realized it is a descriptive encyclopedia of the road from bondage to freedom. Paul’s epiphany was the awakening to the inevitable ascent of mankind that the leadership in their glory failed to cotton on to. The ascent is always driven by the populace through trials and tribulations. The book of Revelation is the linen cloth revealing the story of the scribes and seers in their enduring battle against their sacred-civil rulers who had transgressed time and time again by denying the indwelling grace aboding.

Why the Camel goes Through the Eye of a Needle?

It is impossible to understand the NT metaphors standing alone.  A good example is the camel through the eye of the needle.  Matt. 19.24 reads, “… I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven.”  Jumping to an answer is how most people interpret texts but let’s take a deeper look.

We all want to condemn the rich man outright and ride the camel.  An easy way is to draw on two NT quotes say from Romans 8:1, “There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.”  Maybe the camel had more spirit than the rich man we could say.  Another maybe John 3:19 “And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.”  Maybe the rich man liked darkness whereas the camel loved light.

We could also quote the following texts if you don’t think the above two appropriate. “And behold, one came and said unto him (Jesus) Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?” – Matt. 19:16.  “Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give it to the poor … and come and follow me” – Matt. 19:21.

But why use a camel?  Is it just a ditty to add spice to the anecdote?  Quoting random texts does not really help us understand this axiom.  So what do we do?  How can we ride the camel?

Let’s think.  The rich man has possessions.  And the camel has no possessions.  For one it is all “my” as he has everything.  For the camel well he just can give.  The camel has nothing to give but trudge, or even milk.  And we constantly berate that it is better to give to the poor than to be just rich with more and more to label “my”.  Was the camel just convenient for this analogy?  Who is a giver?

There are other quotes that may give a hint as to what all this is about. “The kingdom of God cometh not with observation,” or paratereis = ocular evidence, not with outward show, ritual ceremony, piety, tenets or doctrine,  “The kingdom of God is within you” – Luke 1:20, 21.  And we are told clearly that “Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God” – 1 Cor. 15:50.  So what does enter the kingdom if it is not “flesh and blood”?

Now in the metaphor the word “eye”, Greek trupema means an aperture, opening, hole – an opportunity to go through something.  But is it a needle we have to go through?  Obviously we are not considering the pathway of a thread.  An aperture, opening or hole gives one clue as to why a camel may have no trouble of entry.  We are being told to enter, for sure and therefore it must be the Testaments and the story within.  So far we have not viewed the totality but we have been told one can and one can’t.   So what maybe the source of this oblique hieroglyph?

Taken from Ezek. 8 Ezekiel writes, “… the hand of the Lord God fell there upon me (“there” refers to Ezekiel’s vision of Jerusalem while in Babylonian captivity – almah (a virgin – set apart – without), and the spirit lifted me up … and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem … He said, Son of man seest thou what they do?  Even the great abomination that the house of Israel committeth here, that I should go from my sanctuary?  but turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations.  And he brought me to the door of the court; and when I looked, behold a hole in the wall.”  So is this “hole in the wall” the forerunner of the “eye” of the needle?

This word “hole” from Hebrew is chor or chur means a cavity, a hole, hollowed out place.  It is equivalent to the Greek word trupema.  Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall: and when I had digged in the wall, behold a door.  And he said unto me, Go in, and behold the wicked abominations that they do here.  See Ezek. 8:1-18 for all the details.  Now the book of revelation says open the door.

Now if the rich man in Jesus’ day could look through this hole in the wall of Jerusalem, that became a door, and seeing such abominations, would he enter?  He was seeking the kingdom of heaven by outward possession.  He cannot interpret the text nor understand the text’s intention like the priestly and ministerial elite.  So, no, he would not go through the door.  He would not want to tarnish himself with the populace.  He is above that level.  He was carnally of flesh and blood, justified by wealth and power, but he was dead.  “The carnal mind is enmity against God” and although thinking they are in heaven can never enter heaven.  He had nothing to give.  His ideas of course are one of righteousness, highest ethics and highest morality.  His riches substantiate his justification, his steadfastness.  Having eyes to see he had no perception and he has kept the revelation of “Jesus Christ” a mystery, the door to Revelation, usually on the front of his church has remained bolted.

Now the poor camel, not bound by precepts and statutes, (“would not give a stuff” as the riffraff often say) would be willing go through the “eye” without compunction.  The camel represents the person who is non-judgmental.  He or she enters Jerusalem, “The Written Word”, and finds the “holy” set apart – “bethulah” – with.  The rich man may read but will never understand the Ancient codes that are all antithetical to the exclusive doctrinaires of the rich and wealthy who never had the time to find precepts upon precepts.

So you cannot have one Testament without the other “You can’t have one without the other.”  So who is prepared to go through that open door to Revelation?

Two Strains – Wisdom (Philosophy) vs Ignorance (Mystery)

In the OT there is a great battle going on between the Priestly mystery chronicles and that written by the scribes and seers being introvert, explicit philosophy. Society had developed from individuals to community, Patriarchs, to judges, to Kings, to Kingdoms, to nations. Now was the chance to write their wisdom of experience something the priest could not do. The scribes knew there was always a firmament, a division, a yin and yang, Night and Day, a possessiveness and beneficence amongst mankind (male and female). And only by utilizing their objective reality of the day could they portray an abstractive goal for the ascent of subjectivity. These two contrary strains, of the priests and scribes, were always to be intermixed in all early portrayals. Care is indeed needed to separate the holy from unholy, almah (without God) from bethulah (with God) – the nameless entity of creation which we all admire.

This juxtaposition is best recognized in a review of the days of the year. Let’s give it a go.

Priestly Mystery Chronicle (Outside the Testaments)

In ancient priestly chronology one reckoned with 354 lunar days and 365 solar days. The priests of the ancient Mysteries paid minuet attention to variations where this priestly lunar chronology did not match the actual cosmic revolutions.

Leap days and leap weeks were inserted into these chronologies to compensate for any variation from cosmic reality. There were always discrepancies – and the priestly class knew evolution had consecrated, a hallowing ascent, which supposedly justified their elite status. They glorified mankind but could not grasp their errors in calculation. Man was out of synch with their gods or God.

After the division of the year into months and weeks restrictive rituals were implemented for celebration of the holy periods – leading to sacred-civil governance by principalities to protect all the ignorant illiterate populace. The priests in their knowledge laid down certain periods when this non-conformity was conspicuous. After several lunar months there were always a few days gap before the new year began. The priests regarded these as holy weeks. Those holy weeks were designed to lead human beings to their gods in the eyes of the priesthood.
So arose the Hebrew calendar, a lunar-solar calendar, with months based on lunar months, but years based on solar years. The calendar year features twelve lunar months of twenty-nine or thirty days, with an intercalary lunar month added periodically to synchronize the twelve lunar cycles with the longer solar year. The beginning of each Jewish lunar month was based on the appearance of the new moon.
Accordingly, the basic Hebrew calendar year is one of twelve lunar months alternating between 29 and 30 days follows:
No. Hebrew months Length
1 Nisan             30
2 Iyar                29
3 Sivan             30
4 Tammuz      29
5 Av                  30
6 Elul               29
7 Tishrei         30
8 Marcheshvan
(or Cheshvan) 29/30
9 Kislev           30/29
10 Tevet          29
11 Shevat        30
12 Adar           29
Total 353, 354 or 355

With the solar year exceeding the lunar year by approximately 11 days the excess accumulates to about 30 days, a little more or less. One month is added and the particular year is made to consist of 13 months called the intercalary year. The priestly class stated that the year could not consist of twelve months plus so-and-so many days, since it is said “every month throughout the months of the year” – Num. 28:14, implying that the year is counted by cosmological months and not days.

It summary the days allocated to lunar and solar years are not dates documented by the scribes writing the Testaments. Although we accept the lunar and solar days they are mysteries when we read the Testament. A different philosophy of wisdom was inaugurated by the scribes and seers.

Scribes and Seers Explicit Wisdom Chronicle (Genesis to Revelation)

It is important to realize that the priestly class promoted, in some ways by default, a mysterious lunar-solar configuration but the scribes never did. The numbers and the philosophy of the scribes are straightforward in comparison. Today’s priestly and ministerial classes are responsible for still confounding and espousing such nonsense even after a supposed Reformation and having the Testaments in front of them. They have had adequate of time to study to show themselves approved.

The scribes and seers perceived an alternative philosophy from that of the renowned priestly cast. They incorporated, indeed by necessity and for acceptance, the two competing philosophies into the Testaments. But there is no mention of 354 lunar days or 365 solar days as such anywhere. And this gives the whole charade away.

The scribes also likewise believed that the governance was out of synch with the cosmological. Security was their number one concern. Governance of Israel constantly regressed as society advanced. The scribes believed the unnamable was at Rest following the evolutionary creation of consciousness. They took up the cudgel of responsibility. It was up to concept to conquer the deleterious pronouncements. The baton had been relinquished. But it had not been grasped properly by the priestly class. The scribes wanted equanimity to maximize security and innate human potential to bloom. They truly revered each and everyone of their number wanting to see the end of illiteracy and all other plights. They wanted freedom from dogmatic dark incomprehensible talk.

To the scribes this required the civil to also equal the cosmologic – in practicality and in numbers – not dissimilar from the priestly class. Civil governance must align to the sacred, the terrestrial to the cosmological, 1260 sacred days to 1260 civil days over a seven year completing period – each month having averaged 30 days – i.e. 30 *12 * 7 = 2,520 days. 360 degrees and days were divisible by 30. Make no mistake this was deliberately antithetical to the priestly teaching. They wanted the logos to match their mythos. They covertly devised their ideas and spread it throughout the Testaments.

The period of 1,260 days is also mentioned as 3.5 years and 42 months (i.e. each month having 30 days) substantiating the new philosophy, in differing non-priestly ways.

So the lesson is that the seers wanted simplicity of philosophy to counteract the endless mysteries promulgated by confusion of the upper ruling elite – 30 days a month enabled simplicity in philosophizing allowing an extension and ever completing cycle over each seven years.

So it is important to appreciate how the craftiness of the scribes and seers was incorporated alongside the orally recalled priestly rulership and their accompanied numerous Levitical laws. The differences become immediately obvious as you proceed through the texts:

Firstly the seers wanted each month to have 30 days. This is implied in the following quotes:

Gen. 8:3-4 – “after the end of one hundred and fifty days the waters were abated” (i.e. 5 consecutive months of 30 days each – after Noah had symbolically landed on Mount Ararat (creation, holy land) meaning the new beginning for mankind). Also note in Gen. 7 – 40 days becomes a great symbol and this is not consistent with the lunar-solar terminology. This was after the 7 days of creation, a prime non-divisible number. All the numerous days mentioned, right from Genesis had no inclination of the lunar-solar divide – days aren’t divisible into 353, 354, 355, 354.5, 365, 365.5 etc.

There is also an indication that there were twelve months in the annual cycle:

1 Kings 4:7 – “Solomon had twelve officers … each man his month in a year” and 1 Chron. 27:1–15 – speaks of 12 captains – one for each month. And in Exod. 13 mention is made of 430 years they dwelt in Egypt.

Daniel brought this all together when the book was opened by Gabriel. Daniel’s 70 weeks was 490 years each day represented a year. The earth was round having 360 degrees, and 360 days to the year and 30 days per month for 12 months. Over 7 years this became – 30*12*7 = 2520 with equality of sacred 1260 = civil 1260 as the ensample prototype. Even the final week of the 70 weeks was made to be 2520 and split 2300 + 210 + 10. All symbols are based on 30 even though they knew that approximately 365 days a year was the norm. They want to philosophize tying the mythos to the logos.

In Revelation the same message of the scribes comes through – “shall treat under foot forty and two months” – Rev. 11:2, “a thousand two hundred and three score days” – Rev. 11:3, “three and a half days” – Rev. 11.9, “a thousand two hundred and threescore days” – Rev. 12:6.

The scribes were overemphasizing an alternative to the mystery of the lunar-solar priestly confusion and it carried right through the Testaments, alpha to omega.

The scribe writers of Revelation (written by 70 AD) saw the pending downfall of their nation, led by the Pharisees and Sadducees, on the horizon. Their nation had once again turned back to idolatry from on high. Their populace had been persecuted from at least the time of Herod the Great and society had imploded resulted from the demise of leadership. The upright had crossed the horizontal.

One can sense in both Testaments this great battle between ignorance and wisdom at its birth.

Second Epistle of Paul to Timothy


People often quote 2 Tim. 3:16 – “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” to “prove” the Bible is historically accurate and should be obeyed in every way. So to combat our ingrained fundamentalist and orthodox spirituality of western Christianity we must see if there is a deeper meaning to this text.

Various scholars have recognized that although the text starts out with “Paul, and apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God” the majority of scholars agree that 2 Timothy wasn’t written by the author of the “authentic” letters of Paul. The tone, grammar, vocabulary, and content do not align with the earlier Paul. The vocabulary and theological ideas are very similar to those in the epistle to Titus. Generally scholars believe the epistles to Timothy and Titus may have been written between 85 and 100 AD.

The similarity of Timothy and Titus is seen is seen in the usage of the word “doctrine”:

1 Tim. 4:13 – “Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine”

2 Tim. 3:9 – “But thou hast fully known my doctrine”

2 Tim. 3:16 – “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness”

2 Tim. 4:3 – “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine”

Titus 1:9 – “Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine”

Titus 1:14-16 – “Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men … unbelieving is nothing pure … They profess they know God; but in works they deny him (him – inserted) … But speak of the things which become sound doctrine”

Most of Paul’s works were written in the late 4th decade and throughout the 5th decade.

For clarity, scholars of today state that the book of Revelation was written by 70 AD. The Book of Revelation reveals “Jesus Christ” – Rev. 1:1. To reveal Jesus Christ this book draws on numerous types (seals, plagues, trumpets etc.) to explain archetype. All the types forming archetypes of the book are drawn out of the O.T. types. The book of Revelation is a compilation of previous recordings not understood by Christianity. Paul conversion from being a Pharisee resulted from his realization of the importance of “writing” that reached epic disclosure in the Book of Revelation. His epiphany was a bright light on the way from Jerusalem. But his epiphany was not just a flash. Paul although raised within the principality and high places had never perceived the craftsmanship of the scribes who used the written word to portray the ascent of their nation.

The detailed book of Revelation was a work in construction well underway during Paul’s time. When Paul had his epiphany he determined to supplement the “Revelation of Jesus Christ”. He set about writing short epistles completely in alignment with the personification of the Jesus Christ of the book of Revelation, a book that travels from the writing of alpha to omega.

In other words the book enabled the Testaments to be opened and begins with the knock at the door and immediate rebuke of the seven churches of Asia Minor who had all gone astray to varying degrees. Paul in coming to an understanding of what was being constructed by the scribes in Revelation saw the book opened. Now the Scriptures, meaning writings, were always the story of the ascent of mankind (male and female). The scholars of the day used the objective form of their Jewish society to describe the subjective and abstract meaning. This process allowed the writers from oral recollections to portray objective society with an underlying subjective and abstract undercurrent. The Jewish writers wrote a language that was ever transitioning, never completing. They utilized type (Local) to portray antitype (State) to portray archetype (Universal). Their objective was always to portray the omnipresence between the cosmological and the terrestrial, sacred and civil, between physicality and mentality, from the very beginning to the eternal. They concerned themselves about Jewish governance as a pedagogical ensample but in Revelation projected it to a universal apocalypse.

(My apology as this is an endless subject and I have written an exposition of the book of Revelation on my website – see end for link.)

Now back to Paul’s 2 Tim. 3:16.

It is well to remember that Christian interpretation is based on the words “scripture (meaning writing or document)” and “inspired.” Some commentators have made the incorrect statement “So it’s debatable exactly what “scripture” is being described”. But it is not debatable. It’s the γραφὴ (graphe – 1124 the contents of documentation) spoken of by the authors of the O.T., not the gospels or the Pauline letters, but Hebrew Scripture (Writing). The other critical phrase, “inspiration by God,” is just one word θεόπνευστος (thehopneustos – 2315) means divinely breathing in, breeze, blow, breathe hard. But, they fail to understand fully Paul’s epiphany as unlike Paul they fail to see the opened book of Revelation. They fail to understand the revelation of Jesus Christ as espoused by John of Patmos’ great carried down community work.

When Paul spoke of giving attendance to reading, exhortation and to doctrine it was to the discovery and propagation of a world without dogmas, tenets, creeds and institutionalized beholders of truth. Paul glorifies the omnipotence of life of a free consciousness separated from deeply ingrained narcissism and self-importance. It was a religion of grace without genealogy (recognized by Mark), without father, without mother without descendants, without progeny. It was not about vanity of individual thought, philosophy, religion, dogma, denominations, cults or tenets.

Paul numerously labelled this doctrine “my doctrine” and it stood alone, as it does for each individual. Paul said “Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to “my gospel”. Paul was certainly talking of the “Hebrew Scripture (Hebrew Writing)” as these scribes and seers understood the opened book. Paul never believed in a literal person called Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is “The Word of God” crafted. Paul’s philosophy was one of omnipresence – following the priesthood of Melchisedec, from before time began – from time immemorial. It could never be provable, tested, from a single paragraph such as 2 Tim. 3:16. Paul’s words were “Study to shew thyself approved” – Tim 2:15 and this meant study in detail. It is never simply a Jesus saves of modernity’s faith adherents. The book of Revelation reveals it is a craftsmanship, coming from the likeness of God, having taken up the baton of responsibility and created thought, “God” the unnamable rested for all time.

Paul in 2 Tim. made bold criticisms of the untutored – “And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; Who concerning the truth have erred” – 2 Tim. 2:17. And then as “Janes and Jambres withstood Moses (showing the perennial story), so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith” – 2 Tim 3:8. Paul said that they “proceed no further; for their folly shall be manifest unto all men”. Paul lambasted the retrograde literalist, those descending – “for men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy … without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers … traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleasure … having form of godliness … from such turn away” – 2 Tim 3:1-3. These “pastoral epistles” were written to small fellowships of Gentile and emerging Jewish “Christians” who had organizing themselves into what would become the church – but they followed the Pharisaical and Sadducees concoction of saying the resurrection was past. Paul’s Christ was the “Word of God” – Rev. 19:13 “and his name is called The Word of God”, established in “his” doctrine with the little book being fully opened.

Remember that the book had only been opened in two ages in the Post-exilic age and the Pre-exilic (pre-Babylonian captivity) age. Gabriel opened the book to Daniel – “Gabriel, make this man (inserted) to understand the vision” – Dan. 8:16. The earlier occasion was of the time of Hezekiah (Immanuel), Wonderful, Counsellor, the man-child who reconstructed the Temple (symbolic of the inner temple subjectivity) – “precept upon precept (type upon type); line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little” – Isa. 28:13. This work would “sweep away the refuge of lies” – Isa. 28:17.

And note well readers “And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book” – Isa. 29:11. For clarity, “the vision” is the “words”. Unto you “as the words of a book that is sealed” – Isa. 29:11. Paul’s epiphany is predicated in these words “Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed” – Isa. 29:11. And continues “shall the dead hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness”. So the scribes writing the book of Isaiah knew the open book was disguised but not deliberately in the days of Hezekiah. But Hezekiah rebuilt the temple (subjectivity) by reconstructing the Temple symbolically. The seven kings after Hezekiah were all retrograde and became the 7 heads of the diverse beast – Israel’s ten tribes (10 horns) and Judah’s seven kings (7 heads) as seen by Daniel 7:7 in the vision when the book was opened again and explained by Gabriel. Paul had the same vision thanks to the compilation and opening of Revelation.

When it comes to Titus the same message is given – “The Cretians are always liars, evil beasts, slow bellies … rebuke them sharply, that they may be of sound faith” – Titus 1:12. And then “They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him” – Titus 1:16.

Paul always said the works of men deny the omnipresent God and wanted sound speech. Revelation indicates the Testaments had been closed by the fallen churches of Asia-Minor. Paul never mentioned the burning of Jerusalem in 70 AD in these letters. Paul’s gospel was sound doctrine – Paul new that the statement by Hymenaeus and Philetus that “the resurrection is already past” was wrong. The Jewish rebellion against the Pharisees and Sadducees had been annihilated (crucified, persecuted) to the tree of life for crossing the Jewish pavement. The Pharisees and Sadducees literalized Jesus Christ whereas it was a rebellion to reestablish the victory of Judas Maccabees in this temple era. Paul wanted to “shun profane and vane babblings” – 2 Tim. 2:15 of a literal Christ and resurrect the true Christ of the populace.

So what was the “sound doctrine” of Paul?

Opening Revelation to understand Paul’s Epistles and Letters:


Why Peter was just a Small Stone – never a Rock.


I am always amazed that every time I investigate Christian interpretation there appears to be misunderstanding. I have visited many cathedrals and basilicas such as Peter and Paul Cathedral (St. Petersburg) and The Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul (Rome) and wondered what is this all about.

So here is a short study of the word “Peter”.

“He (Jesus) asked his disciples saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? Some say John the Baptist … or one of the prophets … But whom say ye that I am? Simon Peter answered, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. Jesus said, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjonna: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter (petros) and upon this rock (petra) will I build my church …” – Matt. 16:13-18. At first you miss the sarcasm as we miss the difference between petros 4074 (mas.) and petra 4073 (fem.).

Peter from petros means, a piece of rock i.e. a stone. John’s account at 1:40-42 is: “… Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother saith unto him, We have found Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. And he brought Peter to Jesus. He (Jesus) said, Thou art Simon (hearing) the son of Jona (a dove): thou shalt be called Cephas, which by interpretation, is a stone (petros – piece of rock). Cephas, the surname of Peter is from kephas in Greek derived from keph in Hebrew meaning a hollow rock. So Peter, Cephas means a stone, piece of rock or a hollow rock (from Strong’s or Young’s concordances).

What then of the words, “upon this rock (petra) will I build my church”? – Matt. 16:18. Petra is the feminine of petros – feminine meaning life-giving (Eve), in figurative scripture. Petra is massive rock compared to a stone – meaning mass, a body, and this is the same as the messianic body. Christ never built upon a hollow-rock. Adam (man and woman) also needed the life-giving Eve (feminine) to start a family, the multitude, the populace, the community.

So Peter was a small hollow rock or stone. “A sower went out to sow his seed … And some fell upon a rock (or stony places from petrodes rocky, stone). But this is not the “rock” derived from petra, which is feminine, indicating a potential to bring forth new life – body. As soon as the seed that fell upon stony ground, shoot roots of any kind, it withered away because it lacked moisture (substance). Only the true rock could provide moisture, never a small stone.

Now here is Peter, when the heat was put on him: – “A damsel came unto him saying, Thou also was with Jesus of Galilee. But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest” – Matt. 26:69,70. Peter (petros), did not have the fortitude of the “Rock” for he withered and denied Christ three times to the sound of cock-a-doodle do.

So let’s investigate the feminine “Rock” (petra) now that we understand the masculine Peter, Cephas 2786 Chald. comp. 3710 (provoke and enrage) and 3709 (violent passion, anger, indignation, vengeance, wrath) and the mockery of Mathew’s statement.

Keep in mind the Scriptures are symbolical writings, using objects to convey spiritual experience. In the story of the Exodus was a cloud that followed them and all passed through the sea. Seas, waters, flood, all refer to peoples. In Exodus as the story goes, the escaping Hebrews passed through countries near Egypt without attack. This is how the description goes: “The Lord caused the sea to go back, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided” – Exd. 14:21. And they all “eat the same spiritual meat” – Exd. 16:5, 35. “And did all drink the same spiritual drink” – Exd. 17:6 “for they drank of that spiritual Rock (petra) that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” The spiritual rock they experienced for the first time was Christos the inner craving, now set free, of mankind.

The writers (said to be Paul) of 1 Cor. 10:1-4 drew moisture from this “Rock” of Exd. 17: “baptized unto Moses … And did all drink (moisture) the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them and that Rock was Christ”. And 1 Cor. 10:16 stated the bread that they break, “is it not the communion of the body of Christ”? This rock had body – it was a spiritual Rock, not literal, but Christos – it was messianic (peace, truth, happiness).

Now a twist to the story. Christ is also called “a living stone”, “a chief corner stone in Sion,” “the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner”. These texts are taken from 1 Pet. 2:4-7. The word “stone” is from lithos (not petros) and means a stone (lit. or fig.) – (mill, stumbling-) stone. So how does this fit with the above?

Paul in Eph. 2 telling of spiritual Jew and Gentile becoming one, writes, “But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood (kindred) of Christ … no more strangers … but fellow citizens with the saints … And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner (stone)” – Eph. 2:20.

But, the word “stone” is added here by translators. “Stone” in 1 Pet. 2 is lithos. Both 1 Pet. 2 and also Eph. 2:20 (added by translator) is antitype from Ps. 118:22 – “The stone (which) the builders refused is become the head (stone) of the corner.” “Stone” here is Hebrew is ebey meaning to build, or the builder, “the maker” of form, renowned (Shemites) – and not the bellicose warrior (Japhites) or lazy-abouts (descriptive Shem). You cannot build with a rock, it has to be hewn, carved out, shaped and polished. The Testaments are based on type – antitype. The NT is all drawn from OT ensamples. The ten commandments were never the ten laws espoused by Christianity. They were always commandments to make the terrestrial governance align with the great Creative power of the universal. Paul of Patmos’ Revelation had to be universal. It brings the bride (OT) and bridegroom (NT) back together as one. (See other articles at web site about the ten commandments and Revelation and the golden thread running from OT to NT – yet to be written).

It seems quite clear that the statement, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God,” is the “rock” (petra) upon which “I (Christ) will build my church.” Now thou art Christ, the lubrication, the quencher within, always giving a gospel for today.

“Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular” – 1 Cor. 12:27. “Christ is the head of the church: and he is the savior of the body” – Eph. 5:23. Christ is our one body, our one Spirit, our one hope, and our one Lord – Eph. 4. Paul was always, keeping loyal, to his gospel, that the people are the body, that is Christ’s body.

Bear in mind the word “Christ” is a title, Christ the anointed, messiah, and king. Christ is our Melchisedic king and high priest – King of righteousness, King of peace – without father, without mother, without genealogy (as per Mark’s gospel) but with generation.

Christ was the uprising of the populace from the reign of Herod the Great having matured for 40 years from the decree the Massacre the Innocents. The populace was defeated, persecuted, hung on the tree so to speak for crossing the Jewish pavement (that of the Pharisees and Sadducees).

James and Peter accepted the literal interpretation of the Pharisees and Sadducees who spoke of a literal Christ. The Pharisees espoused an afterlife as compensation for their enslavement of the masses – the body of Jews. The Sadducees espoused a literal Christ that had been called King of the Jews the title held by Herod. To the Sadducees a literal man-child had been crucified. Thus there would be no resurrection nor insurrection as the Sadducees did not believe in any afterlife. The Pharisees Church-State held hands. What wonderful conjunction that Christianity adopted.

Christos is our first begotten of love, the Christ of Exodus, the anointing consciousness is the Father of all, bringing forth beneficial substance and a new moisture, watering the seeds on the Rock – the multitude.